Sports and physical activity have been shown to shape the human brain. Among the positive effects that it produces, we highlight the following:
- Increases cognitive ability.
- It is beneficial for forming new neurons.
- It increases the blood flow in the brain.
- Increases oxygen consumption by neural cells.
- It induces correct neuroprotection.
Next, we tell you what the benefits that we highlight the most are:
Generate more neurons
For a long time, it was said that the brain was not capable of generating new neurons. However, this statement is false since it has been shown that the brain performs a neurogenesis process, which means that the brain is capable of generating new neurons.
Aerobic exercise allows to promotes this process, because exercise influences the hippocampus, the area of the brain that is related to memory and learning.
Treats and prevents depression
Depression is one of the world’s major diseases, yet it is very difficult to treat. Physical exercise may be one of the best treatments for depression and other mood and personality disorders.
Exercise is directly related to serotonin, a neurotransmitter that influences our mood, anxiety, and happiness. So we could ensure that it not only helps with depression problems, it also prevents it from being suffered.
So we advise adding a daily exercise routine to our day to day.
Increase our concentration
Exercise allows us to maintain good concentration more easily. The ability to concentrate of people who were fit compared to people who were not fit and who lead a sedentary life and people who have just started training.
And the results showed that people who were in shape concentrated more easily, and that starting to play sports implies an improvement in their ability to concentrate.
Increase cognitive flexibility
Concentration is not the only skill that we must have trained, we also have to be able to be cognitively flexible, that is, we have to have a certain ability to move from one task to another, adjust our attention and follow several topics at the same time.
This allows you to improve significantly exercise and physical activity. In an investigation where different intensity tests were carried out on several people, it was observed that there was a direct relationship between the intensity of exercise and the improvement of the individual’s cognitive flexibility, they could pay attention to several tasks at the same time.
Keeps our gray matter in good condition
First of all, we have to explain what gray matter is, and this is nothing more than the substance of which the brain is made, and is responsible for the transmission of data and therefore is responsible for our agility of thought.
Age and some diseases destroy this gray matter and cause it to decrease in quantity, however, exercise allows to keep it in good condition.
It has been concluded that all adults who are used to doing aerobic exercise regularly have a denser matter than people who are more sedentary in their daily lives.
Relieve our stress and reduce anxiety
Much has been said, but it is true, exercise helps us relieve stress and anxiety. Exercising is very important, whether it’s going for a run, swimming, cycling or any other exercise that you like, even those that help you relax. This will allow you to regain control of your mind and feel anxious or stressed.
Physical exercise causes the brain to release endorphins, dopamine, and norepinephrine; they are substances associated with improved cognitive functions and improve mood and alertness.